Burundi coffee production is not very high in the world ranking in terms of tonnage. However, it is an indispensable origin for coffee lovers with its delicious, clean and fruity flavors.
Coffee production in Burundi has followed a fluctuating course throughout history. The history of coffee in the region goes back to the times when it was a Belgian colony. The Belgian government forced the farmers to grow a certain amount of coffee and gave low wages in return. With this production, the demands of Europe were completely met.
After independence in the 1960s, the sector was privatized. With the declining coffee quality, production decreased and the coffee industry was almost left to its fate.
After the civil war in the 1990s, the belief that the way to improve the economy, which was almost devastated, was to be achieved by coffee production. Thus, investment in this sector has increased, good products have begun to be obtained, and an important foreign currency inflow has been provided. While this whole process was taking place, the successes of neighboring Rwanda inspired Burundi. Despite its relatively low production capacity, it has implemented a good model in the production of high quality and sustainable coffee with a balance between the private sector and the government.
Global Production Ranking
Annual Average Production
* In 60 kg
Kayanza | Kirundo
French Mis. Bourbon
March - July
In the early 1930s, the Belgians introduced Arabica to the country. From this date on, coffee cultivation has come to the fore as an opportunity to transition to a better life.
During the 1993-2005 civil war, many farmers had to relocate and coffee gardens were damaged. However, Burundi is a landlocked country. Bad roads and transportation costs have hindered the affordable transportation of coffee to foreign markets.
Today, 600,000 people work in the coffee industry in Burundi. Contributing to the livelihood of approximately 5 million people (50% of the population), coffee farming is Burundi's most important source of income.
With the increasing number of washing stations, investments made by the private sector and farmer training & support programs, Burundi is strengthening its place in the coffee world day by day.